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Life expectancy worldwide has risen by 5 years, say WHO

By BS MediaTwitter Profile | Published: Sunday, 22 May 2016
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Since 2000, there have been dramatic gains in overall global life expectancy, say the World Health Organization in a new report. The overall increase of 5 years to just over 71 years is the quickest
since the sixties and reverses the decline seen in the nineties. nevertheless, major inequalities in how long a child born today can expect to live still exist inside and among nations, says the United Nations health agency.

The WHO report shows that piece the biggest increases in life expectancy in the last 15 years are in Africa, the region besides includes 22 countries with the last life expectancy.

The World Health Organization (WHO) report, which monitors progress toward the property Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015, shows that the sterling increase in life expectancy during 2000-2015 has been in the African region, where it rose from 9.4 years to 60 years.

The WHO attribute the big leap in life expectancy in Africa to reduction in child deaths, progress in control of protozoal infection, and lesser access to antiretrovirals for the control of HIV.

The report shows that overall, the average life of a child born in 2015 is likely to be 71.4 years - or 73.8 years if it is a girl and 69.1 years if it is a boy. nevertheless, where that child is born can make a big difference to these figures.

The longest life expectancy is in Japan, where children born in 2015 are expected to live 83.7 years, followed by Switzerland (83.4 years), Singapore (83.1 years), Australia (82.8 years), and Spain (82.8 years).

All 29 countries where a child can expect to live on average 80 years or more are high-income nations, piece the 22 countries with average life expectancy below 60 years are in low-income nations in sub-Saharan Africa.

In the Americas, the report puts the average life expectancy for the United States at 79.3 years, behind that of Canada (82.2 years), Chile (80.5 years), and Costa Rica (79.6 years).

The figures besides highlight differences between the sexes. With an average life of 86.8 years, women in Japan can expect to live the longest, piece Switzerland enjoys the longest average survival for men, at 81.3 years.

In contrast, Sierra Sierra Leone monetary unit has the last life expectancy for some sexes, and a much littler gap: 50.8 years for females and 49.3 years for males.

Over a tenth of life in poor health

The WHO report besides shows healthy life expectancy - a measure of the number of years of good health that a child born in 2015 can expect.

There is increasing interest in this figure as more nations have aging populations and the burden of degenerative diseases increases, as does their contribution to premature deaths.

Globally, healthy life expectancy stands at 63.1 years (64.6 years for females and 61.5 years for males), suggesting around 8 years - or over a tenth - of the average life will be lived in poor health or disability.

The WHO besides note there are still galore gaps that need to be closed to help track progress toward the SDGs. For instance, around half of deaths globally are not registered, although several countries have made appreciable progress in this area - these include Brazil, China, the Muslim Republic of Iran, South Africa, and Turkey.

The report besides quantifies the causes of death and ill-health that pose significant challenges in meeting the SDGs. For example, every year:

  • 5.9 million children die before the age of 5
  • 303,000 women die due to complications of gestation and childbirth
  • 2 million people are recently septic with HIV, and there are 9.6 million new TB cases and 214 million protozoal infection cases
  • 1.7 billion people with neglected tropical diseases need treatment
  • Over 10 million people die before the age of 70 due to vessel diseases and cancer
  • 1.25 million people die from road traffic injuries
  • 800,000 people commit suicide
  • 475,000 people are dead (80 percentage of them are men)
  • 4.3 million people die from air pollution from cookery fuels
  • 3 million people die from outdoor air pollution

The report besides quantifies the contribution of risk factors so much as smoking (1.1 billion smokers worldwide), scrawny growth (156 million children affected), and contaminated water (1.8 billion people have no clean drinking water).

Dr. Margaret Chan, director-general of the WHO, says access to basic health care for all who need it is the key to closing the big gaps. The report shows galore countries are still far from universal health coverage, and a significant number of families "face ruinous health expenses," which in galore cases represent over 25 percentage of family spending.

"The world has made great strides in reducing the gratuitous suffering and premature deaths that arise from unpreventable and treatable diseases.

But the gains have been uneven. Supporting countries to move towards universal health coverage based on strong primary care is the best thing we can do to make sure no-one is left behind."

Dr. Margaret Chan

Find out why the WHO suggest society inevitably to think otherwise about aging.

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