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Sore throat and rash: Strep infection and other causes

By BS MediaTwitter Profile | Published: Monday, 18 February 2019
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Table of contents
  1. Strep throat
  2. Scarlet fever
  3. Infectious infectious mononucleosis
  4. Measles
  5. Adult-onset Still's unwellness
  6. Hand, foot, and mouth unwellness
  7. Anaphylaxis
  8. West Nile virus
  9. When to see a doctor
  10. Summary
Strep throat is a microorganism infection that can cause a sore throat that sometimes occurs aboard
a skin rash. nevertheless, a variety of other conditions can besides lead to a sore throat and a rash together.

In this article, we discuss eight conditions that can cause some a sore throat and a rash.

Strep throat

Symptoms of strep throat can include sore throat, nausea, and painful swallowing.

Strep throat results from infection with group A streptococcic bacterium. The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) report that this bacterium causes up to 15 percentage of sore throats in adults and up to 30 percentage in children.

Strep throat atypically causes a sore, scratchy throat. Some people may besides develop a skin rash.

Other symptoms of strep throat can include:

  • chills
  • fever
  • headache
  • nausea
  • painful swallowing
  • swollen tonsils with white patches or streaks

Cases of strep throat are most common in late winter and early spring.

Treatments include oral antibiotics and over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, so much as isobutylphenyl propionic acid or Datril. Note that children under 16 years of age should avoid acetylsalicylic acid due to the possible risk of developing Reye's syndrome.

A person can besides treat strep throat at home by:

  • getting as much rest as possible
  • staying hydrous
  • gargling with warm, salty water

Scarlet fever

Image credit: Estreya, 2007

In some people, especially children, strep throat can progress into scarlet fever. This microorganism infection causes high fever and a bright red rash, resembling sunburn. The rash atypically starts on the chest but can spread to other areas of the body.

Other symptoms of scarlet fever can include:

  • red and bumpy tongue that may have a white coating
  • chills
  • difficulty swallowing
  • facial flushing
  • headache
  • nausea
  • red lines in the folds of the skin
  • swollen liquid body substance nodes on the neck
  • vomiting

Scarlet fever is extremely contagious. People can transmit the infection to others for around 14 to 21 years after their symptoms first appear. Antibiotics reduce the risk of transmission, with people atypically becoming noncommunicable inside 24 hours of treatment.

Antibiotics besides cut the risk of complications, including serious ones that can affect the heart and other organs.

Home remedies, so much as OTC pain medications and seawater gargles, can alleviate symptoms until the antibiotics take effect.

Infectious infectious mononucleosis

<br>Image credit: Matibot, 2009</br>">
Image credit: Matibot, 2009

Also best-known as mono, organ fever, and the caressing unwellness, infectious infectious mononucleosis results from infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

Most people will catch EBV at some point in their lives, but only a minority of these individuals will go on to develop mono or other microorganism symptoms.

Mono passes from one person to some other through bodily fluids, so much as spit. caressing, sharing utensils, coughing, and sneeze are all common means of transmission.

Mono mostly develops in adolescents and young adults. Signs and symptoms of mono include:

  • sore throat
  • rash
  • soft, enlarged spleen
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • headache
  • swollen tonsils and liquid body substance nodes

While the sore throat and rash that accompany mono atypically go away after a few weeks, other symptoms can sometimes last for several months. Treatment involves resting, staying hydrous, and exploitation OTC medications for relieving fever and sore throat.


Measles is a extremely contagious microorganism infection that is besides best-known as rubeola. It can sometimes be fatal in young children.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) advise that if one person has rubeola, the unwellness will infect 90 percentage of the people around them unless they have the rubeola vaccination or have antecedently had rubeola.

Measles causes a sore throat and a rash that comprises large, flat blotches of red skin. Sometimes, these blotches appear to overlap.

Other symptoms of rubeola can include:

  • conjunctivitis, or inflammation of the eyes
  • dry cough
  • fever
  • runny nose
  • white musca volitans inside the mouth, or Koplik's musca volitans

As rubeola results from a microorganism infection, there is no specific treatment for it. OTC painkillers can relieve fever and sore throat.

The best way to prevent a rubeola infection is to get the vaccination. Children can receive the vaccination from 12 months of age.

Adult-onset Still's unwellness (AOSD)

Image credit: DermNet New Zealand

AOSD is a rare disorder that chiefly affects people between 16 and 35 years of age. It is a form of inflammatory inflammatory disease that causes a wide variety of symptoms, which may include:

  • salmon pink rash that may come and go
  • sore throat
  • aching and swollen joints
  • fever
  • muscle pain

Doctors order a variety of medications to treat the symptoms in people with AOSD. These can include:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug drugs (NSAIDs)
  • corticosteroids, so much as prednisone
  • immunosuppressive drugs, so much as methotrexate
What is caexploitation my rash?
There are galore possible causes of a skin rash. Learn about 68 different causes here.
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Hand, foot, and mouth unwellness

Image credit: Kessalia19, 2014

Hand, foot, and mouth unwellness (HFMD) is a mild microorganism infection that is most common in young children. Symptoms can include:

  • rash on the feet and hands that may cause blistering
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • irritability
  • loss of appetite
  • painful mouth sores

Most people recover from HFMD in 7 to 10 years without medical intervention.

To ease symptoms, doctors may recommend the following home remedies:

  • avoiding foods that are acidic, salty, and spicy
  • drinking cold beverages
  • eating ice chips or other cold foods
  • rinsing the mouth with warm water after meals
  • taking OTC painkillers
  • exploitation mouthwashes to numb pain


Image credit: James Heilman, MD, 2009

Anaphylaxis is a severe and possibly dangerous allergic reaction. galore substances can cause hypersensitivity reaction, but some common triggers include:

  • foods, so much as balmy, milk, and shellfish
  • insect bites and stings
  • medications, so much as antibiotic and NSAIDs
  • latex

Signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity reaction include:

  • skin rash
  • sudden swelling of the throat that can cause pain or difficulty breathing
  • drop in blood pressure
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • hives
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • weak and fast pulse

Anaphylaxis can be fatal and requires immediate medical attention. Call the emergency employment instantly if symptoms occur.

Doctors provide people at risk of hypersensitivity reaction with an epinephrin pen, which they should carry at all times and administer at the onset of symptoms.

Someone other can administer this injection if the person is unable to do it themselves. After exploitation the injection, the recipient should go to the nighest emergency room or wait for an ambulance.

West Nile virus

According to the Centers for illness Control and bar (CDC), the West Nile virus is the most common form of mosquito-borne unwellness in the continental United States.

Approximately one in five people who get septic with this virus experience comparatively mild symptoms, so much as:

  • skin rash
  • sore throat
  • aches and pains
  • diarrhea
  • fatigue
  • fever
  • headache
  • vomiting

Most people with mild symptoms recover without treatment. OTC pain relievers can reduce discomfort.

nevertheless, around one in 150 people with this infection will develop a much more severe unwellness that can sometimes be fatal. Symptoms of severe unwellness can include:

  • disorientation
  • high fever
  • neck stiffness
  • seizures
  • severe headache
  • sudden weakness
  • tremors

Anyone with these symptoms should seek immediate medical attention. Serious complications can include:

  • encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain
  • meningitis, or inflammation of the membranes lining the brain and spinal cord

When to see a doctor

Individuals who have a persistent or severe sore throat and rash should see their doctor. They must besides seek medical attention if symptoms include:

  • fever of 102°F (38.9°C) or higher
  • fever that persists for thirster than a couple of years
  • neck stiffness
  • rash that becomes extremely itchy
  • severe headaches

Call the emergency employment or go to the nighest emergency department for symptoms of hypersensitivity reaction or severe infections, which can include:

  • breathing difficulties
  • disorientation or confusion
  • loss of consciousness


There are several different conditions, including microorganism and microorganism infections that can cause a sore throat and rash. Some of these conditions are comparatively mild and will normally clear up without medical treatment.

A person should see a doctor if symptoms are severe, persistent, or revenant. Seek immediate medical attention for any condition that causes breathing difficulties, confusion, or loss of consciousness.

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